Finance / July 19, 2018 / Hana Cannon
A bond is a loan that an investor makes to a corporation, government, federal agency or other organization. Consequently, bonds are sometimes referred to as debt securities. Since bond issuers know you aren't going to lend your hard-earned money without compensation, the issuer of the bond (the borrower) enters into a legal agreement to pay you (the bondholder) interest. The bond issuer also agrees to repay you the original sum loaned at the bond's maturity date, though certain conditions, such as a bond being called, may cause repayment to be made earlier.
The calculation of EV is affected by the assumptions regarding timing of the cash flows within a projection interval. The mid-period convention assumes that the UFCFs occur at the middle of each projection interval, while the end-period convention assumes all UFCFs occur at the end of each interval. In practice, the end-period convention is often used because it is more conservative (the UFCFs are discounted at a time more distant from the present).
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