Finance / June 17, 2018 / Hanna Hunt
We all have a sense that more income and less debt are both good things. But what’s the ideal ratio between income and debt? If your debt-to-income ratio is too high, any shock to your income could leave you with unsustainable levels of debt. Avoiding debt altogether has drawbacks, too (consider no-fee credit cards and secured credit cards if you are scared of digging yourself in debt). Let us break it down for you with our guide to the debt-to-income ratio.
Cost of Equity is the rate of return a shareholder requires for investing equity into a business. The rate of return an investor requires is based on the level of risk associated with the investment, which is measured as the historical volatility of returns. A firm uses cost of equity to assess the relative attractiveness of investments, including both internal projects and external acquisition opportunities. Companies typically use a combination of equity and debt financing, with equity capital being more expensive.
The cost of debt is the return that a company provides to its debtholders and creditors. These capital providers need to be compensated for any risk exposure that comes with lending to a company. Since observable interest rates play a big role in quantifying the cost of debt, it is relatively more straightforward to calculate the cost of debt than the cost of equity. Not only does cost of debt, as a rate, reflect the default risk of a company, it also reflects the level of interest rates in the market. In addition, it is an integral part of calculating a company’s Weighted Average Cost of Capital or WACC.
There is of course a good reason for this: Many newly hired analysts lack training in "real world" finance and accounting. They’re hired, they’re put through an intense "drinking through firehose" training program, and they’re thrown into the action.
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