Finance / July 14, 2018 / Alicia Franklin

Asset turnover ratio is the ratio of a company's sales to its assets. It is an efficiency ratio which tells how successfully the company is using its assets to generate revenue.

Working capital is not mandatory to be put inside the financial statements. It is the measure of the liquidity of the firm and it gives us ideas about how well a company can meet its current obligations.

The future value of annuity due formula calculates the value at a future date. The use of the future value of annuity due formula in real situations is different than that of the present value for an annuity due. For example, suppose that an individual or company wants to buy an annuity from someone and the first payment is received today. To calculate the price to pay for this particular situation would require use of the present value of annuity due formula. However, if an individual is wanting to calculate what their balance would be after saving for 5 years in an interest bearing account and they choose to put the first cash flow into the account today, the future value of annuity due would be used.

Amortization is like depreciation, which is used for tangible assets, and depletion, which is used for natural resources. When businesses amortize expenses, it helps tie the asset's costs to the revenues it generates. For example, if a company buys a ream of paper, it writes off the cost in the year of purchase and generally uses all the paper the same year. Conversely, with a large asset, the business reaps the rewards of the expense for years. Thus, it writes off the expense incrementally over the useful life of that asset, tangible or intangible.

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