Finance / July 17, 2018 / Hattie Munoz
Interest is the charge against the use of money by the borrower. The same is profit earned by the lender of money. The amount which is invested in a bank in order to earn interest is called principal. The interest rate is normally expressed in percentage and represents the dollar interest earned per $100 of principal in a specific time, usually a year. Simple interest and compound interest are the two types of interest based on the way they are calculated.
Free cash flow is the cash flow available to all investors in a company, including common stockholders. FCF provides a useful valuation technique investors often use to derive a firm's value or the value of a firm's common equity. Often, investors will calculate a firm's value using FCF valuation model techniques and subtract net debt to arrive at a company's equity value in a simple capital structure.
Questions surrounding enterprise value vs equity value seem to pop up again and again in our corporate training seminars. In general, investment bankers seem to know a lot less about valuation concepts than you’d expect given how much time they spend building models and pitchbooks that rely on those concepts.
Usually, whether you can afford a loan depends on whether you can afford the periodic payment (commonly a monthly payment period). So, the most important amortization formula is probably the calculation of the payment amount per period.
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