Finance / July 16, 2018 / Hattie Munoz
Net equity valueNet equity value is the fair market value of a business’s assets minus its liabilities. This measured value is used to determine a business’s net worth - or the funds that would be left over and available to shareholders if all liabilities and debts were paid off.
Cost of debt generally refers to the effective paid by a company on its debts. The cost of debt can be calculated in either before or after tax returns. However, the interest expense being deductible, the after tax cost is considered very often. Moreover, the cost of debt is one part of capital structure of the company and also includes the cost of equity.
Annuity due is an annuity in which the cash flows occur at the start of each period. Due to the advance nature of cash flows, each cash flow is subject to the compounding effect for one additional period when compared to an otherwise similar (ordinary) annuity. The future value of an annuity due is higher than the future value of an (ordinary) annuity by the factor of one plus the periodic interest rate.
Duration is the weighted average term to maturity of a bonds cash flows and therefore, is a valuable tool in assessing bond price sensitivity to interest rate shocks. It is the most common technique for quantifying this sensitivity and is generally used to approximate changes in the price of the bond for every 100 basis point change in yields(modified duration). As a general rule, the greater the value of duration, the more price volatility results from interest rate movements.
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